The new trains are the longest on the deep-level system, measuring just over 133 metres (437 feet). This makes them three metres (9ft 10 inches) longer than the trains they replaced.
Unlike many other LU fleets the 2009 stock has combined traction/brake controller on the right-hand side of the cab, as that is the side of the majority of platforms on the Victoria Line. Each train features two four-car units comprising a Driving Motor, Trailer, Non-Driving Motor and Uncoupling Non-Driving Motor. These are coupled back to back with another unit.
Maintenance is done at Northumberland Park. Bombardier staff are on site for TSSSA (Technical Support and Spares Supply Agreement), while there was also a supplied warranty parts replacements service that forms part of the new-build supply contract.
Additionally, Bombardier uses its ORBITA system on the Victoria Line fleet. This is an intelligent diagnostics platform that provides train performance data and analysis, including the provision of a health assessment of the train’s systems, and which is supported by a 24/7 technical support team at the depot. There is also a help desk that includes a technical library of all relevant documents, and a spares and key overhaul supply service. The depot carries out routine and corrective maintenance, as well as repairing damage and vandalism.
The fleet’s success has enabled TfL to increase its capacity to 34 trains per hour on the Victoria Line at peak-times, with trains running with headways of less than two minutes. This is the best frequency of any train in the UK, and a worldwide benchmark in terms of metro performance.
LU is able to run more trains running the full length of the line from Brixton to Walthamstow Central, catering for an increase in the number of passengers on the line.
The upgrade to VL’s infrastructure was completed in 2012, and has led to the number of peak trains rising from 28 to 34. As a comparison, the Northern Line (another route that is being upgraded) has 22tph in peak time.
When the VL’s capacity was increased in June 2014, London Mayor Boris Johnson said: “Thanks to state of the art signalling and a brand new fleet of trains, the Victoria Line now holds a national badge of honour as the most frequent train service in the UK.
“From Brixton to Walthamstow Central we have more services running up and down this famous blue line, plus more frequent trains at weekends to ferry an ever-growing number of shoppers, tourists and regular travellers.
“Passengers are starting to see the benefits of increased services and capacity on other major Tube lines, too, with modernisation on the Northern Line also now edging towards completion. With plans on track to reduce delays by 30% by the end of 2015, this is all part of our mission to invest in and deliver improvements across the Tube, to keep London and its economy moving.”
The Victoria Line carries more than 200 million passengers per year, and the success of the new trains sets a challenging target for Bombardier and the industry for future projects.
For example, the manufacturer is evaluating what it needs to do to successfully bid for the New Tube for London project. Some 250 trains will be delivered for the deep-level Tube lines, with the new fleet the first deep-level trains on the Tube network to be fitted with air-conditioning.
This is already fitted to the sub-surface line fleets (the S-Stock), but not the 2009 stock. Nevertheless, it’s not simply a case of building Victoria Line stock with S-Stock air-conditioning.
“You cannot purely take individual components and carry them across. It is much more like putting a hand in a glove, which is to say that a bespoke integration of appropriate and proven solutions is required.
“There are elements of technology and experience we can derive from the Victoria Line and the SSL fleets, and we have to maximise the benefits of each. Reliability is, of course, key,” says the manufacturer.
The statistics for both fleets are already superb in this regard, but TfL wants even more when the next order enters traffic in the next decade.
Figures in excess of 120,000km (74,000 miles) between failures are expected within six months of entering service, and a figure in excess of 50,000km ‘straight out of the box’.
Between 2,000 and 2,500 vehicles could be built, potentially by one manufacturer, making this not only an extremely exciting and important contract, but also one that will be hotly contested within the industry.
For its part, Bombardier is confident that the performance required by the customer can be delivered, and says that the 2009 stock is “proof through the product that we can do it”.
- This feature was published in RAIL 767 on February 4 2015